and his allies remained on general alert, however, the king was
slow to react. It wasn't until the summer of 1231 that he and his
army advanced up the Wye valley from Hereford. However, except for
some light skirmishing there was very little fighting. For eight
weeks the English army remained at Painscastle, where they rebuilt
the wooden castle with stone.
two years life and times in Wales was rather quiet, there was some
skirmishing here and there. Then in 1233 when Earl Richard retook
the castle of Usk, in doing so, destroyed its Royal garrison it
sent the border country up in the flames of war. Llywelyn allied
himself to the Lord Marshall and the knights of Glamorgan against
the forces of the crown
his allies were defeating the king and John of Monmouth in a pitched
battle outside the town, Llywelyn was back at Brecon. For over a
month he battered the town and castle with his war engines, finally
reducing the town to ash; he failed however to take the castle.
west Wales Rhys Gryg, Owain ap Gruffydd and Maelgwyn Fychan mounted
a major offensive in a bid to retake Carmarthen castle and town.
Its effort did not reward them with victory. In March some fifteen
hundred men of the king's army landed from the sea and broke the
siege, in the process mortally wounding Rhys Gryg who died from
his wounds shortly afterwards.