was Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor who was entrusted with the defence
of Brecon at the time of Owain's rebellion. He quickly strengthened
the castle with a further two hundred archers and forty men -
at - arms. Cannons, gunpowder, saltpetre an sulphur, were also
shipped to the castle and put in place, while the walls, gates
and ditches of the town were repaired and strengthened.
as expected did indeed test the defences of the town on more than
one occasion, his best chance of victory was at the end of June
1403. However his efforts were thwarted on July 1st that year
when a relief force headed by John Bodenham the Sheriff of Hereford,
duly arrived on the eastern outskirts of the town. When Owain
engaged his foe, the armoured clad Sheriff's men certainly had
the upper hand, within a relatively short period of time they
had quickly scattered Owain's forces, killing over 250 of his
men while doing so.
When again in the Autumn of the year of 1403 Owain's forces once
again attempted to gain entry to the town, news of a royal expedition
moving up the Usk valley was enough to scatter them and the kings
force moved on up the Usk valley to Sennybridge.
At an encampment on fields at Defynnog, to the south of the Black
castle at Sennybridge, the king empowered a one Sir John Oldcastle
to grant pardons to all the rebels in the surrounding lordships
from Builth to Brecon.
Yes, Brecon truly was a one time border town .